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Research on Emergency Powers

"Emergency Powers in the American States" (2023) with Morris Fiorina, chapter in Who Governs? Emergency Powers in the Time of COVID, Hoover Institution Press. 

"Changes to Emergency Powers Laws during the COVID Pandemic" (2023) with Morris Fiorina, chapter in Who Governs? Emergency Powers in the Time of COVID, Hoover Institution Press. 

Research on Non-voting Representation

"Do Reserved Seats Work? Evidence from Tribal Representatives in Maine" (2023) with Elliot Mamet, State Politics & Policy Quarterly

"Territorial Delegates and Party Balance: House Committee Membership after 1970"

"Uncharted Territories: The Nonvoting Delegates and Measures of Partisanship in the U.S. House" (Draft available upon request)

"Would Statehood for D.C. and Puerto Rico Change Congress? A Counterfactual Analysis" (in progress)


Dissertation Project 

Job market paper: "Elite Responses to Suffrage Expansion: The Rise of State and Local Elections in the U.S., 1776-1900"

Working paper: "The Rise (and Fall) of Elected Sheriffs" 

The Proliferation of State and Local Elections in the United States, 1776-1900

Circa 1787, Americans elected very few state and local officials.  Yet, by the 20th century they elected far more politicians than any other country. This feature is at the heart of our modern political system, but we know little about its origins and development. In this book-style dissertation, I present original data and a theoretical framework for thinking about "electoralization" -- the process by which state governments expanded the number of elected offices at the state and county levels -- in the century after Independence.


I present a model of a bargaining problem, faced by all governments, in which leaders must simultaneously fill public offices and fully fund the government's budget. Applying the model to the early American states, I argue that the growth of elective offices stemmed from political elites' fears that suffrage expansion would threaten their control of unitary executive power. To marshal evidence for my theory, I pair a novel dataset on electoralization from 1776 to 1900 with a difference-in-difference approach, taking advantage of the states' asynchronous timing of suffrage expansion to estimate the effect of Universal Male Suffrage on the number of elected offices.


Other Published Research

"Metal By Numbers: Revisiting the Uneven Distribution of Heavy Metal Music" (2018). Metal Music Studies, Vol. 4:3, pp. 559-571. (Replication code and data available here)

"Balancing Inflation and Unemployment: Text Analysis of Annual Monetary Policy Reports'' (2013), Pi Sigma Alpha Journal of Politics, Vol. 13:1, pp. 1-16.

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